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ŠAR-PEJ

STANDARD BR. 309 - Kina / Hong Kong

Istorijat: Šar pej, kineski lovni pas i pas čuvar, poznat je u Kini poslednjih 200 godina. Rasa vodi poreklo iz regiona blizu Guangzhou (Kanton) zvan Dialack. U prvoj polovini 1960. postojao je zadovoljavajući broj tradicionalnog tipa šar peja u Hong Kongu. Njih je uglavnom odgajila radnička klasa Kineza i koristila ih za borbu. U kasnijem periodu organizatori borbi su se složili da se odreknu njihovih borbenih aktivnosti i počeli da izlažu pse na izložbama. Sedamdesetih godina pojedini trgovci psima su započeli ukrštanje i prirodnu produkciju "teško naboranog". Hong Kong je prvo i jedino mesto odakle je šar pej počeo da se vodenim putem prevozi u ostale delove sveta, zato Hong Konški kinološki Savez želi da zaštiti i promoviše ovu rasu.

Ova rasa postoji u Kini već vekovima. Pre više od 2000 godina Shar Pei-e su držali farmeri u selima južnih provincija koje su se graničile sa Junžim Kineskim Morem. Iako je Shar Pei uglavnom služio kao čuvar kuće i imanja svoga vlasnika, oni su takođe korišćeni kao čuvari stoke od kradljivaca i kao lovci na divljač poput veprova. Selektivno odgajani radi svoje inteligencije, snage i ratnički mrkog pogleda (meni je taj pogled sladak i blag), pojava Shar Pei pomagala je i u proterivanju lopova protiv kojih su farmeri bili u večitom ratu. Selo Dai Lek, u južnoj kineskoj Kwantung provinciji bilo je nekada poznato kao kockarski raj. Klađenje u borbama pasa bilo je popularni način traćenja vremena, a Shar Pei postao je favorit u kladionicama. Iako su imali snagu, izdržljivost, otpornost i odlučnost, davan im je alkohol i drugi stimulansi pre borbi. Na sreću po ovu rasu, neke pristalice borbi pasa doneli su sa zapada mastiffe, bulldoge i druge slične rase. Ovi psi korišteni su zbog izopačenog temperamenta i da bi ukrštanjem kao produkt dobili veće, jače i agresivnije pse. Prirodni Shar Pei vise nije bio interesantan u borbama. Kako više nije bilo potražnje za njim, ova rasa je zanemarena što je rezultiralo da je broj Shar Pei-a bio u naglom opadanju. Komunistički režim u Kini zadao je gotovo poslednji udarac ovoj rasi kada je nametnuo ogromne poreze na pse 1940. godine. Samo ekstremno bogati ljudi mogli su sebi priuštiti pseće društvo. Psi su bili deklarisani kao dekadentni, buroazijski luksuz, a odgoj pasa postao je zabranjen. Kao rezultat ovih pritisaka, desilo se da je u 1950-tim ostalo samo nekoliko primeraka Shar Peia dinastije Han. Odgajivači i ljubitelji životinja u Makau i Hong Kongu bili su u stanju spasiti i zaštititi tek nekoliko slučajnih primeraka, no rasa je bila na rubu izumiranja. Koliko blizu su bili ovi psi da izgube borbu za opstanak, objavljeno je u časopisu "Dogs" maja 1971. godine. Ovaj broj imao je članak o retkim rasama uključujuci i sliku Shar Pei-a opisanog sa: "verovatno poslednji primerak rase". Članak je bio vrlo blizu istini i da ovaj list nije slučajno pao u ruke gospodina Matgo Law-a u Hong Kongu, Shar Pei bi bio zauvek izgubljen. Matgo Law, mladi, energivni Hong Kongški odgajivač pasa posedovao je nekoliko Shar Pei-a. On i gospodin Chung Ching, drugi odgajivač, vec su gajili u sebi ideju o operaciji spašavanja ove rase. Oni su se plašili da bi Hong Kong jednog dana mogao postati deo Narodne Republike Kine, i da bi operacija uništavanja pasa mogla biti ponovljena u Hong Kongu. Sve je izgledalo beznadežno, dok gospodinu Law-u, čitajući članak iz časopisa "Dogs" nije sinula ideja. Sa tipičnim Hong Kongškim smislom za inteligentno planiranje i još bolju izvedbu, Matgo Law napisao je pismo i poslao ga Margaret Fansworth, editorki časopisa "Dogs". U svom pismu Law je opisao njihove planove i dodao slike nekoliko Shar Pei-a koje su oni bili u mogućnosti spasiti. Završio je pismo vapajem za pomoć i saradnju od strane USA zainteresovanih ča. Publikacija ovog pisma u aprilu 1973. lansirala je Shar Pei-a daleko od izumiranja i mogućeg pomilovanja, prema zvezdama. Više od 200 pisama nestrpljivih budućih vlasnika pristiglo je na adresu časopisa, no samo mali broj srećnika dobio je štene par meseci posle objavljivanja članka. Matgo Law uspeo je pronaći još nekoliko pasa u Makau i Tajvanu, te su Američki entuzijasti počeli dobivati štence od njega. U roku od nekoliko godina Shar Pei je mogao zaboraviti na samrtni oproštaj. Odgajivačnice su postojale širom Amerike, a danas je ta rasa voljena i odgajana širom sveta. Kada su ga veterinari videli po prvi put, ocenjivali su ga kao divlje, egzotično stvorenje. Ako ni zbog čega drugog, a ono zbog interesa čitalaca, veterinarski časopisi objavljivali su nešto o njima u gotovo svakom broju, odajuči utisak na taj način da je ovo rasa sa mnogo problema sa zdravljem i ponašanjem. Bilo je interesantno pisati o nečemu novom, a ne ponavljati priče o istim rasama, kao godinama unazad. I na kraju još jedna zanimljivost, 1977. godine, Shar Pei je u Guinusovoj Knjizi Rekorda imao neslavno prvo mjesto kao najređa rasa pasa.

Opšti izgled: jak, kompaktan. Šar pej podrazumeva "peščanu kožu". Koža mora biti tvrda i rapava, dok dlaka mora biti kratka i četinjasta. Zbijen je i naboran svuda po telu u stadijumu šteneta. Kod zrelog psa jasni nabori su dopušteni samo oko čela i grebena.

Proporcije: Dužina tela od grudne kosti do sednih kvrga približno je jednaka visini grebena. Ženke mogu imati neznatno duže telo. Dužina njuške je približno jednaka dužini lobanje.

Temperament: Energičan i okretan. Smiren, nezavistan, odan i srdačan prema ljudima.

Glava
Lobanja: Velika je i okrugla u osnovi ali širokog i ravnog čela.
Nabori: Nabori na čelu moraju biti očigledni ali ne smeju zaklanjati oči. Kinezi opisuju glavu kao "Vu La Tau" misleći na "tikvast" oblik glave. Nabori na čelu imaju oblik oznaka koje liče na neke Kineske simbole dugovečnosti. To je bitno za rasu jer simboli dugovečnosti pojavljuju se samo u familiji velikih mačaka, kakve su tigrovi i lavovi. Kod pasa, samo kod rase mastifa.

Lični deo
Nos: Velik i širok. Poželjno crn, svetlije boje dozvoljene su kod svetlijih pasa.
Njuška: Srednje duga, široka u korenu, neznatno se sužava ka nosu.
Usta: Plavičasto crni jezik i desni su u prednosti. Ružičasti i prošarani pegama, dozvoljeni su samo kod svetlije obojenih pasa, kao na primer boje laneta ili krem.
Jake vilice: Oblik usta gledano s vrha trebao bi biti kao okruglast crep, poznat kao "Roof Tile Mouth" - crepolika usta, ili sa širokim vilicama u obliku žabljih usta, poznat kao "Toad Mouth" - žablja usta. Kod oba tipa treba postojati jak zagriz.

Zubalo: Perfektan, pravilan i kompletan makazast zagriz, pri čemu gornji zubi bez razmaka preklapaju one u donjoj vilici i usađeni su vertikalno.

Oči: Srednje veličine. Bademastog oblika. Po mogućnosti tamne. Svetla boja očiju je nepoželjna. Funkciju očne jabučice ili očnog kapka, ni u kom slučaju ne smeju remetiti nabori kože ili dlaka. Bilo koji znak iritiranja očne jabučice, konjuktive ili očnog kapka krajnje je nepoželjan.

Uši: Male, debele, oblika jednakostraničnog trougla, blago zaobljene na vrhu. Dobro su napred ka očima usmerene, priležuće uz lobanju. Široko postavljene i zatvorene uz lobanju. Uspravne i stojeće uši su dozvoljene ali nisu poželjne.

Vrat: Jak, mišićav, sa malo slobodne kože na guši. Višak kože ne sme da bude preteran.

Telo: Višak kože na telu je kod zrelih pasa krajnje nepoželjan.

Greben: Blagi nabori kože na grebenu.

Leđa: Vrlo snažna i ravna, sa veoma jakom kičmom.

Grudni koš: Širok i dubok.

Rep: Različiti su načini nošenja repa. Najčešče je uvijen, duplo zarolan, u većem ili manjem prstenu. Rep mora biti jak i čvrsto nošen iznad bedra.

Prednji deo: Plećke mišićave, dobro položene i iskošene. Prednje noge umereno duge, malo duže od dubine tela. Dobar kostur. Došaplje malo iskošeno, jako i elastično.

Zadnji deo: Snažan i mišićav. Umereno uglovan. Skočni zglob dobro spušten.

Šape: Srednje veličine, kompaktne, dobrih jastučića, prsti dobro uzglobljeni.

Kretanje: Slobodno i harmonično, snažno.

Dlaka: Kratka, tvrda, čekinjasta i ravna po mogućstvu. Bez podlake. Ne sme biti duža od 2,5 cm. Nikad se ne trimuje.

Boja: Sve boje crne, plavo crne, crne sa nagoveštajem rđasto-braon, crvena, jelenja. Krem boja je dozvoljena ali nije poželjna.

Visina: 47,5 - 57,5 cm

Težina: 20 - 32,5 kg
Ako pas ne dostiže ovu veličinu i težinu ne treba biti teško kažnjen. Mora se razumeti da je tradicionalni šar pej propustio ovu veličinu još 1949. Kantoni su preferirali većeg psa koga su nazvali "High Head Big Horse" (jaka glava, veliki konj). Zato veličina treba dosezati 57,5 cm ili manje, a ženke nešto niže. Preko 57,5 cm nije poželjeno u strahu od mešanja (ukrštanja) rasa u uzgoju.

Greške: Svako odstupanje od gore navedenog smatra se manom, čije ocenjivanje stoji u tačnoj srazmeri sa stepenom izraženosti.
Glava: Suviše teška glava i vilice.
Usta: Suviše velika usta ili previše ispunjene usne, koje mogu smetati psima pri zagrizu, kad se koriste kao lovački psi.
Oči: Ektropijum, endropijum.
Uši: Velike uši, nisko usađene, koje nisu usmerene ka očima.
Telo: Ulegla ili ispupčena leđa. Previše nabora na telu, na prednjem i zadnjem delu kod zrelih pasa.
Rep: Padajući rep (opušten).
Šape: Izvrnute šape.
Dlaka: Dlaka duža od 2,5 cm.
Boja: Mešavina boja black and tan, mrlje po telu. Tigravost nije prihvatljiva. Ova obojenost će ukazivati na mašanje rasa u uzgoju.

N.B. Mužjaci treba da imaju dva normalno razvijena testisa, potpuno spuštena u skrotum.

 

Shar Pei is a solid, square built, compact dog of medium height and weight, with a broad profile and a short body. Head is enlarged in comparison with the body in resembles a hippopotamus. Shar Peis have short and rigid fur and the skin loosely covers the body and the head. He has a typical scissors bite. The special feature of the breed is it's blue tongue and the inside of the mouth. The skin of the pups is very folded with the appearance of an oversize sweater. With age the wrinkles soothe out, they are only obligatory on the head and allowed on the neck. Shar Peis are kind, watchful and clean and so very appropriate family dogs.

CHARACTER AND BEHAVIOUR

The Chinese Shar Pei is a very attentive, active, vivacious and clean dog. He will have no trouble fitting into the family life. He is devoted and loyal but craves attention. He's inclined to exaggerating and will demand as much love as he is giving to his owners. He is pretty reserved when it comes to strangers. Shar Pei is a smart dog and learns quickly but still sometimes appears totally ignorant.

SPECIAL CHARACTERISTICS

Even though every Shar Pei develops it's own personality we can observe some common traits of the breed:

*In his home he is always alert and on the lookout

*He is extremely intelligent

*His personality is hard to grasp

*His mood is always projected on his face

*He seldom or never shows taking offence or resentment

CARE

Daily brushing with a rubber glove or a soft brush will suit the dog and better his bloodflow. We do not encourage bathing the dog too often. A clean sleeping space and regular brushing will suffice.

 

Standard of the F.C.I.
SHAR PEI
FCI - Standard Nr. 309
ORIGIN: China
Patronage; F.C.I.
DATE OF PUBLICACIÓN OF THE VALID ORIGINAL STANDARD: 14. 04. '99.

UTILIZATION: Hunting and watchdog
FCI'S CLASIFICATION: Group 2 :(Pinscher and Schnauzer)
Type molossian and Swiss Mountain-and Cattledogs
Section 2.1: Molossian Masstif type Without working Trial

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY
This Chinese breed has existed for hundreds of years in the provinces bordering the South China Sea. The town of Dialak in the province of Kwun Tung is probably the place of origin.

GENERAL APPEARANCE: Active, compact, short coupled and squarely built dog of medium size. Wrinkles over skull and withers, small ears and «hippopotamus» muzzle impart to the Shar Pei a unique look. Dogs larger and more powerful that bitches.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: The height of the Shar Pei from withers to ground is approximately equal to the to length of the body, from point of shoulder to point of buttock especially in males. The length from nose to stop is approximately equal to the length from stop to occiput.

BEHAVIOR - TEMPERAMENT: Calm, independent, loyal, affectionate to his family

HEAD Rather large in proportion to body. Wrinkles on forehead and cheeks continuing to form dewlap

CRANIAL REGIÓN
Skull: Flat, broad.
Stop: Moderate.

FACIAL REGION:
Nose: Large and wide, preferably black, but any colour conforming to general coat colour permissible. Wide opened nostrils.
Muzzle: A distinctive feature of the breed. Broad from root to tip of nose with no suggestion of tapering, Lips and top of muzzle well padded. Bulge at the base of the nose permissible. Mouth: Tongue, roof of mouth, gums and flews, bluish black is preferred. Pink spotted tongue permissible. Solid pink tongue highly undesirable. In dilute coloured dogs the tongue is solid lavender.
Jaws / Teeth: Jaws strong with a perfect scissors bite, i.e. the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Padding of lower lip should not be so excessive as interfere with the bite.
Eyes: Dark, almond-sharped with a scowling expression. Lighter colour permissible in dilute -coloured dogs. Function of eyeball or lid in no way disturbed by surrounding skin, folds or hair. Any sign of irritation of eyeball, conjunctiva or eyelids highly undesirable. Free from entropion.
Ears: Very small, rather thick, equilaterally triangular in shape, slightly rounded at lip and set high on the skull with tips pointing towards eyes, set well forward over eyes wide apart and close to skull. Pricked ears highly undesirable.

NECK: Medium length, strong set well on shoulders, The loose skin under the neck should not be excessive.

BODY:
Folds of skin on body in mature dogs highly undesirable, except on withers and base of tail, which show moderate wrinkling.
Topline: Dips slightly behind wither then it rises slightly over loin.
Back: Short, strong Loin: Short, broad, slightly arched
Croup: Rather flat
Chest: Broad and deep, brisket reaching the elbow Underline: Rises slightly under the loin.

TAIL Thick and round at the root. Tapering to a fine point. The tail is set very high, a characteristic feature of the breed. May be carried high and curved, carried in right curl or curved over or to either side of the back. Lack of or incomplete tail highly undesirable

LIMBS:
FOREQUARTERS: Forelegs, straight, moderate length, good bone. The skin on forelegs shows no wrinkle.
Shoulders: Muscular, well laid and sloping.
Metacarpus (Pastern): Slightly sloping strong and flexible.


HINDQUARTERS:
Muscular, strong moderately angulated, perpendicular to the ground and parallel to each other when viewed from the read. Wrinkles on upper thighs lower thighs, rear pasterns as well as the thickening of the skin on backs undesirable.
Hocks: Well set down.

GAIT / MOVEMENT:
The preferred gait is trot. The gait is free, balanced, active with good forward and strong drive from the hindquarters. The feet tend to converge to a centerline when the speed increases. Stilted gait undesirable.

COAT HAIR:
A distinctive feature of breed: short, harsh and bristly. The coat is straight and offstanding on the body, but generally flatter on the limbs. No undercoat. The coat may vary in length from 1 cm. To 2,5 cm. Never trimmed.

COLOUR:
All solid colours acceptable except white. Tail and rear part of thighs frequently of a lighter colour. Darker shading down the back on the ears permissible.

SIZE
Height: 44 - 51 cm at withers (17,5 - 20 in)

FAULTS:
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

SERIOUS FAULTS:

  • Deviation from scissors bite (as a transitory measure a very slightly undershot mouth is permissible).
  • Snippy muzzle
  • Spotted tongue (except pink spotted tongue)
  • Large ears
  • Low set tail
  • Coat longer than 2,5 cm.

ELIMINATING FAULTS

  • Flat foreface with badly undershot bite, overshot bite
  • Solid pink tongue
  • Lower lip rolled in, interfering with the bite
  • Round bulging eye,
  • Entropion, ectropion
  • Skin folds or hair disturbing the normal function of the eye.
  • Pricked ears
  • Absence of tail, stumpy tail
  • Heavy folds of skin on body (except withers and base of tail) and limbs
  • Not a solid colour (albino, brindle, patches, spots, black, and tan, saddled pattern)

NOTE:
Male animals, should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum

REMARK
Any artificial physical alteration to the Shar-Pei (in particular lips and eyelines) eliminates the dog from competition

 



Standard of the Hong-Kong Kennel Club

This description is attributed to Matgo Law, Hong Kong, B.C.C, 1973. It is recognized by the Hong Kong. It is published in the Chinese Shar-Pei Stud book Registry, consolodated supplemental material, volumes 1-2-3, 1976- 1982.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

An active, compact short-coupled dog who stands firm on the ground with the stature of a warrior.

HEAD AND SKULL

Skull flat and broad, rather large in proportion with the rest of the body. Profuse and fine wrinkles appear on the forehad and cheek and continue to form the heavy dewlaps. The muzzle is moderately long and broad from the eyes to the point of the nose without any sugggestion of tapering but rather in the mouth shape of a hippopotamus.

NOSE

Black, large and wide, occasionally there are cream-colered dogs with light-colored nose and a light-fawn dog with a self colored nose, but a black nose is preferable.

EYES

Dark, small, almond-shaped and sunken (a light color is found in cream and fawn-colored dogs). The sunken small eyes are advantageous in dog fighting to reduce injuries to the eyes.

MOUTH

Teeth strong and level, giving a scissor bite. The canine teeth are somewhat curved, which increases the difficulty of freeing the grip. Tongue is bluish black. Flews and roof of mouth black. Gums preferabley black.

EARS

Small, thick, equilateral and triangular in shape and slightly rounded at the tip, set well over the eyes and wide apart. In contrast to the Chow, the ears should set tightly to the skull and be as small as possible. This minimizes his opponent's chances of getting a good grip on his ears. Some of these dogs have ears so small they are about the size of a thumb nail.

NECK

Strong, full, set well on the shoulders with heavy folding skin and abundant dewlaps.

FOREQUARTERS

Shoulders muscular and sloping. Forelegs straight with moderate length and good bones.

BODY

Chest broad and deep, back short; the lowest part of the back-line is just behind the withers and rises to the loin. It is similar to the Bulldog but not as sunken as the latter. As with the wrinkles and dewlaps, there is a lot of skin folding on the body. this abundance of loose skin allows the dog to turn and attack when gripped by his opponent.

HINDQUARTERS

Hindlegs muscular and strong, hocks slightly bent and well let down, giving length and strength from loin to hock.

FEET

Moderate in size, compact and firmly set, toes well split up with high knuckles, giving a firm stand.

TAIL

Thick and round at the base and evenly tapering to a fine point. There are three ways of carrying the tail; most desirable is the type set on top and and curled tightly over to one side. Some are curled so tightly they are in the shape of a small ringlet, the size of a large China coin. The second type is curled in a loose ring. The third is carried high in a curve, not touching the back. This allows a dog to wiggle in a happier and more eager fashion. No matter what, the tail should be set high on the loin, showing the anus. The demand for a curling tight tail is obvious--in fights the tail between the legs is a sign of defeat.

COLOR

Whole colors such as black, fawn, light fawn and cream, frequently shaded; for example, the underpart of tail and back of thighs of a lighter color. These shadings should not be in patches or parti-colored.

WEIGHT AND SIZE

Around 18 and 20 inches at the withers, weighing 40 to 50 lbs. As in most breeds, the dog is heavier than the bitch and more squarely built.

FAULTS

Spotted tongue; tail carried horizontally or covering the anus; a flat, long shining coat; tapering muzzles like a fox.

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